Archive

Archive for the ‘Teoria’ Category

The Autonomisation of Abstract Wealth: New Insights on the Labour Theory of Value

23 May, 2018 Leave a comment

.
My paper “The Autonomisation of Abstract Wealth: New Insights on the Labour Theory of Value”, co-authored with Rodrigo Teixeira, was published in the Cambridge Journal of Economics. Here you can find the abstract and the link to the paper.

.

The Autonomisation of Abstract Wealth: New Insights on the Labour Theory of Value

We theorise the forms of value in the Marxist system in a way that challenges the dominant tradition. The standard procedure has been to read Marx’s Capital as an analysis that begins at a high level of abstraction and moves towards more concrete concepts. Our alternative approach posits that the forms of value in the Marxist system evolve from more concrete towards more abstract forms of wealth that increasingly separate from and obscure labour exploitation. Our procedure therefore replaces the dominant interpretation of ‘successive approximations’ employed by most scholars. We develop a broader account of Marx’s project alongside textual evidence retrieved from many of his writings. We also provide a new way to incorporate the monetary, financial and rentier forms of wealth into Marx’s labour value theory. The proposed alternative approach can potentially open a research agenda on the contemporaneous dynamics of abstract and concrete forms of wealth in advanced capitalism.

.

Key words: Marx, Capital, Abstract wealth, Autonomization, Labor theory of value
JEL classifications: B51, B14, B24

Read more…

Unproductive Accumulation in the United States: A New Analytical Framework

23 May, 2018 Leave a comment

.

My paper “Unproductive Accumulation in the United States: A New Analytical Framework” was published in the Cambridge Journal of Economics via advance access. Here you can find the paper, the appendix to the paper, and also all the data series that I computed for this piece of work.

.

Unproductive Accumulation in the United States: A New Analytical Framework

In this paper I offer an innovative analysis of unproductive accumulation in the United States economy from 1947 to 2011. I develop a new theoretical and empirical framework to analyze the accumulation of capital in its productive and unproductive forms. I also develop a methodology to compute Marxist categories predicated on the idea that the production of knowledge and information is an unproductive activity that relies on the creation of knowledge-rents. In particular, I provide new empirical estimates to uncover the shifting balance between productive and unproductive forms of accumulation. The accumulation pattern observed during the 1947-1979 phase that prioritized productive accumulation gave way after the 1980s to a contrasting pattern prioritizing unproductive accumulation. Unproductive activity has been growing at a fast pace in terms of incomes, fixed assets, and employment. Among all forms of unproductive activity, my approach places special attention on how the production of knowledge and information has constituted a rising share of total unproductive income and capital stock. Additionally, productive stagnation and rapid unproductive accumulation have been related to greater exploitation of productive workers and to widening income inequality.

.

Key-words: Unproductive Activity, Capital Accumulation, Exploitation, Inequality, Stagnation

JEL Codes: B51; E01; O34

Read more…

Unproductive Accumulation in the USA: Lecture Slides

23 May, 2018 Leave a comment

.
On March 21st 2018 I gave a lecture titled “Unproductive Accumulation in the USA” at King’s College London (KCL). This lecture was part of the Seminars in Contemporary Marxist Theory that takes place monthly at KCL.

.

The slides of my lecture can be found here:

.

https://marx21.files.wordpress.com/2018/03/tomasrotta-unproductive-accumulation-in-the-usa-21march2018.pdf

.

More information on KCL’s Seminars in Contemporary Marxist Theory here:

.

https://www.kcl.ac.uk/marxist-theory-seminar/cmt.aspx

.

.

 

The Commodification of Knowledge and Information: Lecture Slides

23 May, 2018 Leave a comment

.
On May 17th 2018 I gave a lecture on “The Commodification of Knowledge and Information” at the University of Greenwich in London. This lecture was part of the “Lecture Series in Selected Topics in Post-Keynesian, Institutionalist, Feminist and Marxian political economy” organized by the Greenwich Political Economy Research Center (GPERC).
.
The slides of my lecture can be found here:
.
https://marx21.files.wordpress.com/2018/05/tomasrotta-the-commodification-of-knowledge-and-information-17may2018.pdf
.
More information on our Lecture Series can be found here:
.
http://www.gre.ac.uk/business/research/centres/gperc/news/events/lecture-series
.
.
.

The Commodification of Knowledge and Information: New Working Paper Version

23 May, 2018 Leave a comment

.

The the new version of my GPERC working paper with Rodrigo Teixeira is now online.

.

The Commodification of Knowledge and Information

In this chapter we present an analysis of the commodification of knowledge and information in contemporary capitalism. We provide a consistent account of how information as a commodity effects the workings of both capitalism and of Marxist theory. The first part of the chapter critically revisits Marx’s own writings on the commodification of knowledge and how the immaterial labor hypothesis initially interpreted these writings. Based on the new categories knowledge-commodity and knowledge-rent, we then present our own approach in response to the challenges raised by the immaterial labor hypothesis. Lastly, we analyze the more recent contributions on the commodification of knowledge and information within the Marxist literature. The current debate on the value of knowledge has been divided between two camps: the reproduction cost approach, and the average cost approach. At the end of the chapter we present empirical estimates of the magnitudes of knowledge-rents.

Key-words: knowledge-commodities, knowledge-rents, value theory, Marx, immaterial labor

.

Read more…

Marx Reloaded e a Economia do Conhecimento

29 July, 2013 6 comments

Marx Reloaded é o título do mais recente trabalho dirigido e escrito por Jason Barker. Produzido em 2011, este documentário investiga a relevância dos ensinamentos de Marx em relação à crise que se iniciou ao final de 2007 nos Estados Unidos e Europa. Entre os que participam das filmagens estão John Gray, Michael Hardt, Antonio Negri, Nina Power, Jacques Rancière, Peter Sloterdijk, Alberto Toscano, Slavoj Žižek e Ivan Nikolic. A temática central gira em torno à questão da pertinência das ideias marxistas no século XXI. O roteiro acaba por conduzir o público a concluir que na atual sociedade do conhecimento a teoria do valor de Marx não seria mais válida. Reforçado pelas intervenções de Zizek, Sloterdijk, Hardt e Negri, o documentário centra na ideia de que a produção do conhecimento escapa à teoria marxista. Jason Baker então explicou sua produção como uma tentativa de “recarregar ou reimaginar Marx como um pensador, sem o usual moralismo totalitário”. Confira aqui o documentário na íntegra. Aproveito para também tecer alguns comentários críticos a respeito de Marx Reloaded.

Read more…

Marx e o Marxismo 2013: Colóquio Internacional

8 July, 2013 1 comment

Principal atividade desenvolvida pelo NIEP-Marx, o evento “Marx e o Marxismo” tem sido organizado regularmente, com frequência anual, desde 2007. Até 2010, o “Marx e o Marxismo” teve sempre caráter de curso de alcance local, funcionando, portanto, como atividade de extensão, gratuita e temática. No ano de 2013, “Marx e o Marxismo” será organizado pela primeira vez sob a forma de colóquio com abrangência internacional. O tema escolhido para este ano é “Marx hoje, 130 anos depois”. Para além do mero registro e recordação da morte do pensador que atrai o interesse e inspira o trabalho dos professores, pesquisadores e estudantes que o colóquio pretende reunir, a opção pelo tema justifica-se teoricamente. A ideia central é discutir o legado de Marx no longo decurso de tempo que separa 1883 e 2013, no que se refere tanto às teorias que se pretenderam ou se pretendem marxistas, quanto às práticas identificadas com as ideias do autor ou de seus intérpretes. Palestrantes confirmados: José Paulo Netto (ESS/UFRJ) – Alex Callinicos (University of London, Inglaterra) – Virgínia Fontes (UFF / EPSJV Fiocruz) – Anselm Jappe (École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales, França) · Marcos Del Roio (UNESP) – Maurício Vieira Martins (UFF) – Leo Panitch (York University, Canadá) – Marcelo Badaró Mattos (UFF) – Miguel Vedda (UBA, Argentina) – João Leonardo Medeiros (UFF) – Robert Brenner (UCLA, EUA) – Alfredo Saad Filho (University of London, Inglaterra) – Peter Thomas (Brunel University, Inglaterra).

Read more…