Home > Teoria > Samuel Bowles: Crítica à Teoria Neoclássica

Samuel Bowles: Crítica à Teoria Neoclássica

“Thus, even for those economists with a strong commitment to a more equal and humane world order, the basic assumptions of the conventional economics proved to be a powerful drawback to understanding the new problems brought to the fore by the social movements of the 1960s. Thus, the assumption that human nature, as expressed in individual preferences or consciousness, can be treated as independent of the structure of economic activity, is an unfortunate starting point for an economic analysis of worker alienation, sexism or racism. A discipline whose main analytical tool is the concept of equilibrium and whose conceptual apparatus does not admit the notion of power proved to be a misleading guide to the study of inequality or imperialism. A school of thought virtually devoid of tools of dynamic analysis and which takes the institutions of capitalism as given did not even attempt to understand where the advanced capitalist economy was going. Nor did it provide the basis for a critique of capitalism. The result has been that where conventional economists have attempted to deal with these problems, the result has borne the unmistakable mark of an ad hoc analysis using tools totally inappropriate to the task at hand. When conventional economic analysis is used as the basis for public policy in these areas, the result is generally a program of superficial and ad hoc palliatives, as in the so-called war on poverty”

Samuel Bowles, Hardly a Surprise (1973)

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Excelente texto do Samuel Bowles para o Harvard Crimson, escrito em 1973 logo após ser demitido do departamento de economia conjuntamente a Richard Edwards, McEwan, Tom Weisskopf e Herbert Gintis. Neste texto, Bowles explica porque foi demitido como professor de Harvard. Sua explicação mostra claramente as diferenças entre as abordagens neoclássica e marxista dentro da ciência econômica.

Realmente vale a pena ser lido na íntegra:

http://www.thecrimson.com/article/1973/2/27/hardly-a-surprise-pbtbhe-decision-by/

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